New Delhi: Narendra Modi government on Tuesday ad the creation of a new ministry, named Ministry of Cooperation to realize the vision of “Sahkar se Samriddhi” or prosperity through cooperatives.
This is the second ministry created during the second term of the Modi government, after coming to power in 2019. The first new ministry to be created was the Jal Shakti ministry in 2019.
However, unlike the Ministry of Cooperation, it was created by integrating two existing ministries: water resources, river planning and revitalization of the Ganges, and drinking water and sanitation.
ThePrint takes a look at how these new ministries are created.
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Who creates the ministries?
An Indian government ministry essentially neglects a subject and includes employed officials such as officials who oversee its operation. Most large departments are headed by a cabinet minister.
Cumulatively, all cabinet ministers, ministers of state and ministers of state who have independent office are called the ‘Council of Ministers‘which helps the Prime Minister in governance. Some ministries also have subdivisions called departments.
Ministries or departments are created by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister under the Government of India (Allocation of Business Rules) 1961, which is part of Article 77 of the Constitution.
Under these rules, each ministry is attributed Minister by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Each department of the ministry is generally placed under the responsibility of an official or an official who assists the minister in the fields of policy and general administration.
With this new ministry, the Indian government currently has 41 ministries.
The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for coordination, smooth running of business and decision-making between ministries and departments and is under the direct responsibility of the PM.
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The total number of ministers cannot exceed 15% of Lok Sabha’s strength
According to the former cabinet secretary of the union KM Chandrasekhar, it is normal to create new ministries, dissolve old ones or merge ministries.
“The makeup can be changed to suit the government, whenever they feel that a particular area needs more focus. However, there is a restriction for the total number of ministers by a constitutional provision, ”Chandrasekhar told ThePrint.
He further noted that for a country like India, which has such a large population, many ministries were needed and it was up to the government to assess whether a new ministry was needed.
He added that creating a new ministry was not a difficult task.
However, under the 91st Constitutional Amendment Law of 2003, the total number of ministers in the Council of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, cannot exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. At present, the Lok Sabha has 543 members, of which about 15% 81.
The creation of ministries is not new either. In 2000, the Ministry of Youth and Sports, now headed by Kiren Rijiju, was created.
Another example is the creation of the Ministry of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship in 2014.
In 2017, the Modi government merged two ministries – Urban Development and Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation – to create the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
First Firm in India
India’s first cabinet was formed on August 15, 1947 and had a total of 18 ministries that were supervised by 14 cabinet ministers.
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, took additional costs the Department of External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations and the Department of Scientific Research.
Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhai Patel, meanwhile, had additional burdens on the interior, information and broadcasting ministries.
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